Core of the sun reveals critical information

en.wikipedia.org

en.wikipedia.org

“We don’t fully understand it but using our knowledge of physics, math, science and our knowledge of astronomy we’re learning more about it every day and I think that is critical to our own future.” – Dr. Phil Plait, astronomer

Edsel Chromie Global News Centre

(SAN DIEGO)   According to a Nov. 25, 2014 Science program titled “Inside the Sun,” “the Sun is more than just a big ball of gas, it’s a complex engine.”  The article states that on the outside, are oceans of boiling plasma.  A bright layer dotted by sunspots is located below.  “One hundred twenty thousand miles deeper, plasma swirls in giant vortices pushing the Sun’s heat to the surface.  Down in its core a nuclear furnace produces the energy of a hundred billion tons of dynamite every second.”  The article states that the layers work together and form “a colossal cosmic engine that powers life on Earth.”  However, the energy has a dark side.  Satellite images reveal storms raging on the surface that are lethal.  During particularly active periods, 20 can be observed a day.

The article continues…

The surface of the Sun is a highly volatile layer of plasma 1,500 miles deep. Violent magnetic fields force their way up through this roiling mass.  The fields rip off surges of solar matter thousands of miles high. Some of them collapse into solar flares releasing bursts of radiation.  Others erupt into huge firestorms ejecting millions of tons of superheated plasma at millions of miles an hour.  The cause of this brewing flare lies very deep within the Sun.: Magnetism.  The Sun’s magnetic field originates 120 thousand miles below its surface.  Here, one layer moves faster than the layer below it, shearing the highly charged plasma in between.  This generates massive magnetic fields throughout the Sun.  These powerful fields pierce the outer layer pushing up towering loops of plasma that can erupt without warning.

The Sun offers clues that can help us predict its behavior.  Pulling away the loose gases of the Sun’s atmosphere reveals black discs the size of a planet that drifts on a layer of boiling plasma: Sunspots.  Slicing through them reveals they are more than skin deep.  Areas of darkened plasma extends far below, stretching thousands of miles into the Sun’s interior.  How these dark areas form could be the missing link in predicting solar storms.

The source of our own star’s chaotic behavior comes from the most extreme place in the solar system, a giant nuclear reactor 10,000 times the size of the Earth: The core. Could we some day harness its immense power? ”The Sun contains over 99 % of all of the mass of the solar system and produces 9 million times United States annual energy consumption every second.  The source of this enormous power lies deep inside the Sun: The core.  Ten times denser than lead, it burns at 27 million degrees and behaves like a gas.  Extreme pressure fuses hydrogen atoms into helium spitting out energy of a hundred billion tons of dynamite every second. This gigantic thermo nuclear warhead powers all life on our planet.

Before light can emerge from the surface of the Sun it must undergo an incredible transformation.  It all starts deep in the heart of our star.  The nuclear furnace in the core spits out gamma radiation.  Unfiltered straight out from the core, these rays would destroy life on Earth but there’s more to the Sun than just the core.  A layer of plasma ten times denser than rock surrounds the core.  As radiation squeezes through the body of the Sun it becomes less and less aggressive and after 170 thousand years it finally reaches the surface transformed into the sunlight we see. But our Sun has another silent threat that reaches across the entire solar system and even jeopardizes human space travel.  Its source lies at the very heart of our star.  The hottest place in the solar system rages 400 thousand miles beneath the Sun’ outer layer:  The Sun’s core. It pushes energy up to the surface but it doesn’t stop there. The force of this flow also jets 4 million tons of solar plasma into space every second.  This creates gigantic steaming clouds of corrosive exhaust gas.  It burns at 2 hundred times the Sun’s surface.  This is the solar wind.

Ignition is the final stage of a stars birth.  At 25 million degrees nuclear fusion kicks in and the core ignites.  Once all of the hydrogen in its core is spent our Sun will switch on its afterburner.  The core will collapse and heat up igniting fusion in its outer layer.  As the layer begins to burn the Sun will begin to die a slow death.

Dr. Phil Plait, Astronomer

Dr. Phil Plait, Astronomer

Dr. Phil Plait, Astronomer, said: “We don’t fully understand it but using our knowledge of physics and mathematics, science and our knowledge of astronomy we’re learning more about it every day and I think that is critical to our own future.”

The belief that everything occurs from a source deep within the Sun even after the satellites have videotaped the fantastic activity in the magnetic field of the Sun has resulted in the incredibly preposterous scenarios depicted by the scientists on these science programs. From the time of acquiring the capability to reason, everybody on Earth knows about the powerful lightning discharges developed by the Earth’s magnetic field.

Yet, the capability of the million times bigger and more intense magnetic field of the Sun to create an even more powerful energy discharge has been ignored or overlooked.  Now that the NASA satellites have videotaped the extensive and powerful solar flares caused by the magnetic loops on the Sun and recognizes that this energy creates the largest and most powerful explosions in the solar system, it is time for the scientists to forget about their preposterous scenarios guessing about activity deep within the Sun and use some common sense about the proven data

Since 1978 I could not understand why every expert I spoke to insisted it was hydrogen gases seeping out from the interior of the Sun that was burning and exploding to create the sunspots and solar flares and rejected my explanation that they were caused by the intense magnetic field of the Sun.  Even now, after the fascinating NASA videotapes showing the intense electromagnetic loops on the Sun creating the brilliant explosion when two electromagnetic loops touched high above the surface of the Sun and created a short circuit, the scientists still continue to refer to energy from deep within the Sun.

An article by Neal Singer, Sandia National Laboratories, dated Jan. 6, 2015, it states:

Working at temperatures matching the interior of the Sun, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories’ Z machine have been able to determine experimentally, for the first time in history, iron’s role in inhibiting energy transmission from the center of the Sun to near the edge of its radiative band – the section of the solar interior between the Sun’s core and outer convection zone. Because that role is much greater than formerly surmised, the new, experimentally derived amount of iron’s opacity – essentially its capacity for hindering the transport of radiative energy originating in nuclear fusion reactions deep in the Sun’s interior – helps close a theoretical gap in the Standard Solar Model, widely used by astrophysicists as a foundation to model the behavior of stars.

Our data, when inserted into the theoretical model, bring its predictions more closely into alignment with physical observations,” said Sandia lead investigator Jim Bailey.  His team’s work appeared in Nature. The gap between the model and observations appeared in 2000 when analysis of spectra emerging from the Sun forced scientists to lower their estimates of energy-absorbing elements such as oxygen, nitrogen and carbon by 30 to 50% The decreased abundances meant that the model then predicted that energy would arrive at the Sun’s radiative edge more readily than before.

This created a discrepancy between the star’s theoretical structure and its measured structure, which is based on variations in temperatures and densities at different locations. To make the model once again agree with observations, scientists needed a way to balance the decreased resistance to radiation transport caused by the lowered amounts of the elements.  Bailey’s experimental group in painstaking experiments spanning a 10 year period, discovered that the widely used astrophysical estimate of the wavelength- dependent opacity of iron should be increased between 30 to 400%.

This represents roughly half the change in the mean opacity to resolve the solar problem, even though iron is only one of many elements that contribute, the authors write in their paper. Getting accurate data has been difficult, as the inside of a star is one of the most mysterious places in the universe.

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Notice that this ten year experiment, in addition to the hundreds of years of studying the Sun by millions of other scientists, did nothing to definitively explain anything about the “mysterious places in the universe.”

By contrast, with a simple extrapolation of the relative intensity between the Earths magnetic field and the thousands of lightning it generates every day multiplied a million fold compared to the size of the magnetic field of the Sun, it is simple to explain how all of the dazzling phenomena of the Sun are created by the intensity of its magnetic field without any confusing and complex guesses of what is happening inside the Sun.

The nuclear fusion does not kick in and ignite the core.  The extreme heat and energy of the Sun is developed when the mass becomes sufficient large enough for its magnetic field to create abnormally intense magnetic field activity and collisions or short circuits of the magnetic field currents.

This concept eliminates the ludicrous explanation on some science programs about “The titanic struggle between the nuclear fusion in the core of the Sun trying to explode and the gravity of the Sun keeping the Sun from exploding.”  And it eliminates the need to try to explain how gravity was able to pull the lighter than air hydrogen into the core of the Sun, as well as why the 8 billion year supply of hydrogen was drawn into the core of the Sun by gravity and why the hydrogen has not exploded in the multimillion degree temperature of the Sun in the past 5 billion years.

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chromie-edselEdsel Chromie is a Detroit Michigan native who moved to San Diego in 1965. Edsel is a World War Two Navy veteran who served as a motor machinists mate on diesel electric systems where he learned about the magnetic field current swirling around the primary current flow through a wire as a part of Navy training to trace the direction of flow of the electricity in case of torpedo damage.

This led to Edsel’s unique explanations of many phenomena of the universe. He also has four approved patents on solar energy and Sun tracking systems. Today Edsel writes about this unique set of life experiences for Salem-News.com, conveying information that seems especially relevant as nuclear disaster, potential changes in the earth’s atmosphere, and what many view as an increasing level of natural disasters continue to dominate headlines. Perhaps many of the answers are on hand, yet unaccepted by the scientific community. You can write to Ed Chromie at this address: edselchromie@att.net

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